1. Lifestyle: Self-destructive lifestyle habits, such as drug abuse, alcohol use during pregnancy, and smoking can all lead to a miscarriage early on or later during a pregnancy.
2. Diabetes: With diabetes, it’s mostly uncontrolled diabetes that causes a miscarriage, Patients who are struggling with diabetes are encouraged to speak to their healthcare providers about ways to control their blood sugar and/or request the blood sugar blood test, A1C, to assess the extent of the diabetes.
3.Thyroid disorders: Whether it be hypo (too low) or hyper (too high) thyroidism, thyroid disorders can lead to problems with infertility or cause recurrent miscarriages.
The Malpani Infertility Clinic’s website explains that in cases where a woman’s thyroid function is low, her body will try to compensate by producing hormones that can actually suppress ovulation; conversely, a thyroid that is producing too many hormones can interfere with estrogen’s ability to do its job and make the uterus unfavorable for implantation or lead to abnormal uterine bleeding.
4. Physical complications: Less common, but still significant occurrences of miscarriage caused by physical problems with the mother, such as uterine abnormalities including septum or polyps, or cervical incompetency,
However, in many instances, losses as a result of a physical complication will occur in the 2nd or 3rd trimesters.
5. Immunologic disorders: Immunological disorders are a widely-debated and somewhat controversial topic among women’s healthcare providers, primarily because there is still much to be discovered about their role in contributing to miscarriage.
6. Chromosomal abnormality: Hands down, the single most common reason that a miscarriage occurs is some a problem with either the egg or sperm’s chromosomes during embryo formation.
While some chromosomal abnormalities are compatible with life, such as trisomy 21, the most common type of Down syndrome, other chromosomal disorders are simply incompatible with life.